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DBMS > Immudb vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Immudb vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImmudb  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn open source immutable (append-only) database with cryptographic verification which makes it tamper-resistant and fully auditable.Well established RDBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.08
Rank#321  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Score6.10
Rank#69  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.43
Rank#252  Overall
#119  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­codenotary/­immudb
www.codenotary.com/­technologies/­immudb
www.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servertrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.immudb.iodocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-servertrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperCodenotaryActian CorporationMicrosoftApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release20201974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s19892014
Current release1.2.3, April 202211.0, April 2017SQL Server 2019, November 20192.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoCC++C++, Java
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like syntaxyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJava Stored Procedures
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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ImmudbIngresMicrosoft SQL ServerTrafodion
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