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DBMS > Ignite vs. MySQL vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Ignite vs. MySQL vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Widely used open source RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.85
Rank#74  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
#41  Relational DBMS
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score4.24
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteignite.apache.orgwww.mysql.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201519952010
Current releaseApache Ignite 2.68.0.26, July 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++, Java, .NetC and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsHDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes infoproprietary syntaxJava, Javascript
Triggersyes (cache interceptors and events)yesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes (replicated cache)Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)nono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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