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DBMS > Ingres vs. IRONdb vs. STSdb vs. TiDB vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. IRONdb vs. STSdb vs. TiDB vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.Cloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.11
Rank#70  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#363  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#347  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Score3.73
Rank#94  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score20.03
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databasegithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4pingcap.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.circonus.com/­irondbdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stablevertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperActian CorporationCirconus LLC.STS Soft SCPingCAP, Inc.Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s2017201120162005
Current release11.0, April 2017V0.10.20, January 20184.0.8, September 20155.4.2, June 202211.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageCC and C++C#Go, RustC++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
LinuxWindowsLinuxLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yesyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availablenonono
Secondary indexesyesnonoyesNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)noyesFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
HTTP API.NET Client APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C#
Java
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes, in Luanonoyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersyesnononoyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyAutomatic, metric affinity per nodenonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)horizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres Replicatorconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awarenoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connectorno infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono infocurrently only supported in syntaxyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
IngresIRONdbSTSdbTiDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more

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More resources
IngresIRONdbSTSdbTiDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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