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DBMS > Ingres vs. IRONdb vs. NebulaGraph vs. STSdb vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. IRONdb vs. NebulaGraph vs. STSdb vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.11
Rank#70  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#363  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Score1.18
Rank#169  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#347  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Score20.03
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databasegithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
github.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4www.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.circonus.com/­irondbdocs.nebula-graph.iovertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperActian CorporationCirconus LLC.Vesoft Inc.STS Soft SCMicro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s2017201920112005
Current release11.0, April 2017V0.10.20, January 20184.0.8, September 201511.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageCC and C++C++C#C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinuxWindowsLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeStrong typed schemayesyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availablenonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.noNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)SQL-like query languagenoFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
HTTP APIBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
.NET Client APIADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
C#
Java
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes, in Luanoyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersyesnonoyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyAutomatic, metric affinity per nodeShardingnonehorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres Replicatorconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awareCausal Clustering using Raft protocolnoneMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
IngresIRONdbNebulaGraphSTSdbVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more

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More resources
IngresIRONdbNebulaGraphSTSdbVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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