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DBMS > Ingres vs. IRONdb vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. IRONdb vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.11
Rank#70  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#363  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Score926.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#347  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Score20.03
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servergithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4www.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.circonus.com/­irondbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serververtica.com/­documentation
DeveloperActian CorporationCirconus LLC.MicrosoftSTS Soft SCMicro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s2017198920112005
Current release11.0, April 2017V0.10.20, January 2018SQL Server 2019, November 20194.0.8, September 201511.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageCC and C++C++C#C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
WindowsLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availablenoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesnoNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)yesnoFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client APIADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
Java
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes, in LuaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanoyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersyesnoyesnoyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyAutomatic, metric affinity per nodetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnonehorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres Replicatorconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awareyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionnoneMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
IngresIRONdbMicrosoft SQL ServerSTSdbVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsDeploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
» more
Competitive advantagesFast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
» more
Typical application scenariosCommunication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAbiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more

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More resources
IngresIRONdbMicrosoft SQL ServerSTSdbVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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