DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Impala vs. Ingres vs. IRONdb vs. STSdb vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Ingres vs. IRONdb vs. STSdb vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWell established RDBMSA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.55
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score6.11
Rank#70  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#363  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#347  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Score20.03
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databasegithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4www.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.circonus.com/­irondbvertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperClouderaActian CorporationCirconus LLC.STS Soft SCMicro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release20131974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s201720112005
Current release4.0.0, July 202111.0, April 2017V0.10.20, January 20184.0.8, September 201511.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageC++CC and C++C#C++
Server operating systemsLinuxAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
LinuxWindowsLinux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesnonoNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)noFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
HTTP API.NET Client APIADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C#
Java
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesyes, in Luanoyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersnoyesnonoyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyAutomatic, metric affinity per nodenonehorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorIngres Replicatorconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awarenoneMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenononono infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
ImpalaIngresIRONdbSTSdbVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsDeploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
» more
Competitive advantagesFast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
» more
Typical application scenariosCommunication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAbiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ImpalaIngresIRONdbSTSdbVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Recent citations in the news

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

Pentaho adds Amazon Redshift, Cloudera Impala to stable of data sources
17 February 2015, SiliconANGLE News

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, WIRED

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

How to deploy the Redash data visualization dashboard with the help of Docker
23 March 2022, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Open source databases: What are they and why do they matter?
5 September 2022, The Register

Actian’s plan for the AI era
27 May 2022, Protocol

Neon nabs $30M to build a scalable cloud service for Postgres databases
26 July 2022, TechCrunch

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative at Actian Hybrid Data Conference 2021
25 May 2021, businesswire.com

Two Sizes Fit Most: PostgreSQL and ClickHouse
13 April 2022, thenewstack.io

provided by Google News

Circonus Simplifies Monitoring & Observability for Large Enterprises
11 May 2022, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

Key Questions to Ask Before Selecting a Cloud Database
23 September 2022, Spiceworks News and Insights

Review this list of the best data intelligence software
20 September 2022, TechRepublic

OpenText to Create Software Powerhouse – Acquires Micro Focus for $6B
27 August 2022, DevOps.com

ThinkData Works Brings Data Catalog to Google Cloud
7 September 2022, Datanami

Cloudian Partners with Vertica to Deliver On-Premises Data Warehouse Platform on S3 Data Lake
28 June 2022, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Big Data-Lead Developers :: Tampa FL or Irving TX (Day One Onsite)
tekshaper Inc., Irving, TX

Sr. ETL Test Lead
Bank of America, Addison, TX

Data Engineer (Remote)
Analytica, Remote

Sr Planning Engineer
Lumen, Remote

Software Engineer Specialist
FIS Global, Cincinnati, OH

Database Developer
COMPQSOFT, Elizabeth City, NC

Intelligence Analyst
CACI, Dahlgren, VA

SOFTWARE ENGINEER
University of Washington, Seattle, WA

Database Administrator II - III
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA

Systems Analyst
Teradyne Infotech, Farmington Hills, MI

Senior Site Reliability Engineer
Tickets.com, Costa Mesa, CA

Site Reliability Engineer
Tickets.com, Costa Mesa, CA

Client Success Manager, Vertica (REMOTE)
Micro Focus, California

Software Test Engineer (entry-level)
Real-Time Technology Solutions, United States

Database Engineer
Millennium Management LLC, Miami, FL

Data Engineering Advisor (Evernorth)
Cigna, Bloomfield, CT

Lead Database Engineer
S&P Global, Austin, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

Neo4j NODES 2022
Free online conference for developers and data scientists.
November 16/17 2022.
Register now for free!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here