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DBMS > IBM Db2 Event Store vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Postgres-XL vs. Prometheus

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 Event Store vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Postgres-XL vs. Prometheus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 Event Store  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed Event Store optimized for Internet of Things use casesFully managed big data interactive analytics platformBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring system
Primary database modelEvent Store
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.22
Rank#317  Overall
#2  Event Stores
#26  Time Series DBMS
Score6.68
Rank#63  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#228  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score6.29
Rank#66  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.ibm.com/­products/­db2-event-storeazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.postgres-xl.orgprometheus.io
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­en/­SSGNPV_2.0.0/­welcome.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationprometheus.io/­docs
DeveloperIBMMicrosoft
Initial release201720192014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2015
Current release2.0cloud service with continuous releases10 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree developer edition availablecommercialOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++CGo
Server operating systemsLinux infoLinux, macOS, Windows for the developer additionhostedLinux
macOS
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno infoImport of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnoall fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infothrough the embedded Spark runtimeKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes infodistributed, parallel query executionno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
DB2 Connect
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ruser defined functionsno
Triggersnoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesActive-active shard replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes infoby Federation
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoSpark connector (open source): github.com/­Azure/­azure-kusto-sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID infoMVCCno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of dataNo - written data is immutableyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentYes - Synchronous writes to local disk combined with replication and asynchronous writes in parquet format to permanent shared storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
IBM Db2 Event StoreMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPostgres-XLPrometheus
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more

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IBM Db2 Event StoreMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPostgres-XLPrometheus
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