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DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxWidely used in-process key-value storeWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score124.40
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.90
Rank#127  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score109.95
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ibm.com/­products/­db2www.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­berkeleydb.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­docs/­en/­db2docs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperIBMOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release1983 infohost version19942000
Current release12.1, October 201618.1.40, May 20203.46.0  (23 May 2024), May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versionnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Source-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono

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3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Oracle Berkeley DBSQLite
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