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DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBGraph DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score161.24
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score0.43
Rank#234  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
Score50.63
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.45
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Websitewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2github.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
neo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.nebula-graph.ioneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperIBMVesoft Inc.Neo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release1983 infohost version201920072010
Current release12.1, October 20164.1.2, September 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
LinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemaschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languagenoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Causal Clustering using Raft protocolCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Nebula GraphNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Nebula Graph v1.1 Release Note
21 September 2020

Pick of the Week at Nebula Graph - Configuration recommendations for data import
18 September 2020

How to Migrate Data from Neo4j to Nebula Graph with Nebula Graph Exchange
17 September 2020

Nebula Graph 1.0 Benchmark Report based on the LDBC Dataset
11 September 2020

Pick of the Week at Nebula Graph - Nebula Graph DBaaS is Public for Beta Test
11 September 2020

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26 September 2020

#GraphCast: FinCEN Files – How Banks Move Dirty Money Around the World
25 September 2020

Elsevier Boosts Global COVID-19 Research with Neo4j
24 September 2020

Chaos Engineering with Neo4j
23 September 2020

Analyzing the FinCEN Files with Neo4j
22 September 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Nebula GraphNeo4jStardog
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