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DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. MongoDB vs. SQL.JS vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. MongoDB vs. SQL.JS vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQL.JS  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructurePort of SQLite to JavaScriptWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score157.23
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score477.66
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score0.96
Rank#177  Overall
#85  Relational DBMS
Score138.87
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1.66
Rank#138  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.mongodb.comsql.js.orgwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.mongodb.com/­manualsql.js.org/­documentation/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperIBMMongoDB, IncAlon Zakai infoenhancements implemented by othersDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release1983 infohost version2009201220002010
Current release12.1, October 20166.0.0, July 20223.39.1  (13 July 2022), July 20227.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageC and C++C++JavaScriptCJava
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesyes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
proprietary protocol using JSONJavaScript APIADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
JavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptnonouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlynoyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.nonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
nonenoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
noneImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultno infoexcept by serializing a db to a fileyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesnonoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2MongoDBSQL.JSSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Bosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Market metrics200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
You can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2MongoDBSQL.JSSQLiteStardog
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