DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score151.39
Rank#8  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score926.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1212.47
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1238.25
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperIBMMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracle
Initial release1983 infohost version198919951980
Current release12.1, October 2016SQL Server 2019, November 20198.0.30, July 202219c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versiontables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more
Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

Arctype: A fast, beautiful database GUI for developers and teams. Download it for free today.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft SQL ServerMySQLOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

Oracle Cloud World
Las Vegas, 17-20 October 2022

Recent citations in the news

Arcion Announces Agentless Change Data Capture for Azure, SQL Server, Oracle, SAP HANA, and MySQL
28 September 2022, Business Wire

From DB2 to Real-Time with Aerospike Founder Srini Srinivasan
8 September 2022, thenewstack.io

Open source databases: What are they and why do they matter?
5 September 2022, The Register

Db2, where are you? Big Blue is oddly reluctant to discuss recent enhancements to its flagship database
23 December 2021, The Register

IBM Power10 Shreds Ice Lake Xeons For Transaction Processing
7 September 2022, The Next Platform

provided by Google News

SQL Server admins warned about Fargo ransomware
26 September 2022, The Register

Arcion Announces Agentless Change Data Capture for Azure, SQL Server, Oracle, SAP HANA, and MySQL
28 September 2022, businesswire.com

Microsoft offers SQL Server 2022 release candidate to Linux world
8 September 2022, The Register

Learn SQL in these six courses
27 September 2022, TechRepublic

Compare Azure Data Factory vs. SSIS
19 September 2022, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Inside Oracle’s partnership with AMD to boost MySQL HeatWave performance
22 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Oracle brings its souped-up MySQL database to the Amazon cloud
12 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

mariadb vs. MySQL
12 September 2022, Database Journal

PostgreSQL vs. MySQL: Four Key Reasons to Choose the Former
22 September 2022, Solutions Review

Arcion Announces Agentless Change Data Capture for Azure, SQL Server, Oracle, SAP HANA, and MySQL
28 September 2022, businesswire.com

provided by Google News

Oracle - Oracle Announces Fiscal 2023 First Quarter Financial Results - Oracle
12 September 2022, Investor Relations

The Top 5 Myths of Migrating Oracle Databases to AWS Debunked
28 September 2022, Database Trends and Applications

Partnership on Oracle Exadata X9M could influence future innovation in AMD’s Zen processor line
27 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Oracle: Hits A New Low, Outperformed During Three Prior Recessions, Buy (NYSE:ORCL)
27 September 2022, Seeking Alpha

How to Migrate an Oracle Database to MySQL Using AWS Database Migration Service
7 September 2022, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

2023 Entry Level Global Information Systems
Caterpillar, Illinois

Systems Analyst (Information Systems Specialist 7) Two positions available (Remote Work)
Oregon Health Authority, Salem, OR

DB2 DBA
Audax Labs, Seattle, WA

Principal Worldwide Go-To-Market Specialist, Relational Database Services
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Database Administrator (Remote)
Tek Ninjas, Texas

SQL Server Developer
SnappyHires, Remote

SQL Server Developer - Fully Remote
Magellan Health, Harrisburg, PA

SQL Server DBA
Veridain Tech Solution, Bellevue, WA

SQL Server Analyst
Snappyhires, Remote

SQL Server Developer
Kani Solutions, Remote

A&R Representative
OtterTune, United States

 PHP/MySQL Developer
Third Rock, Austin, TX

Associate Software Engineer (Remote)
American Specialty Health Incorporated, Remote

Laravel Developer
Flywheel Technology, Remote

Developer (PHP Laravel, MySQL,VUE.JS, REACT)
US Ghost Adventures, Remote

Oracle Database Administrator
California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS), Sacramento, CA

Database Developer
KAPSCH, Austin, TX

Database Reliability Engineer - Oracle and No-SQL
Qualys, Foster City, CA

Application Database Administrator - Oracle Enterprise Applications
IBM, Seattle, WA

Data Analyst I
Pacific Life, Aliso Viejo, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Neo4j NODES 2022
Free online conference for developers and data scientists.
November 16/17 2022.
Register now for free!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here