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DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score149.66
Rank#8  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score924.68
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score486.23
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1236.37
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mongodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperIBMMicrosoftMongoDB, IncOracle
Initial release1983 infohost version198920091980
Current release12.1, October 2016SQL Server 2019, November 20196.0.1, August 202219c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
proprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versiontables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft SQL ServerMongoDBOracle
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft SQL ServerMongoDBOracle
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