DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Spatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score167.03
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score36.47
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score74.79
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1.73
Rank#129  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperIBMMicrosoftMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release1983 infohost version201420102010
Current release12.1, October 2016V127.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availablecommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++Java
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hostedhostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptTransact SQLuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersyesJavaScriptyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Guru: Understanding Database Performance Using The Performance Data Investigator, Part 1
21 June 2021, IT Jungle

Malicious code attacks: Error in the update check of the IBM Db2 database system
27 May 2021, Market Research Telecast

Best Database Management Software 2021
3 June 2021, IT Business Edge

Watch live: Enterprise transformation builds momentum for Postgres Vision 2021
21 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

SolarWinds Unites the Features of Database Performance Analyzer and SQL Sentry
9 June 2021, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Build 2021: Microsoft Azure Data Updates for Cosmos DB and Synapse Analytics
25 May 2021, WinBuzzer

Setup Cosmos DB w/ a MongoDB API to use w/ Azure Static Web Apps [16 of 16] | Azure Tips and Tricks: Static Web Apps - Microsoft
17 June 2021, Channel 9

Document Databases Software Market Size and Growth 2021-2028 | Top Vendors – MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
20 June 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

NoSQL Databases Software Market Innovative Strategy by 2028 | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB – The Courier
28 May 2021, The Courier

Build 2021: Microsoft announces new features for Azure database services
20 May 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

provided by Google News

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

How To Use Query Store Hints in Azure SQL
15 June 2021, Redmondmag.com

Disaster Recovery Options for Azure SQL Databases | Data Exposed - Microsoft
25 May 2021, Channel 9

Query Store Hints in Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
10 June 2021, Channel 9

Azure Arc - Bringing The Best Of The Public Cloud To Hybrid And Multi-Cloud Environments
1 June 2021, Forbes

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

DB2 Database Administrator
CompuGroup Technology, Camp Hill, PA

DB2 Database Developer
Vision, Milford Mill, MD

DB2 Database Administrator
Systems Inc, Pittsburgh, PA

RPG DB2 for i Database Developper (Remote Canada)
Fresche Solutions, North Carolina

Z/OS DB2 Database Administrator
Adept Consultants, Pittsburgh, PA

Junior Database Administrator
GROVER GAMING, Greenville, NC

MS Azure Sr. Developer or Architect
Wintrio, Austin, TX

Principal Software Engineer
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Senior Content Developer – Data & AI
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Data Analyst, Officer
QCR Holdings, Inc., Waterloo, IA

SQL Database Administrator
Calportland, Glendora, CA

Advisor Azure SQL Database Administrator (DBA)
Gainwell Technologies, Texas

Azure SQL Consultant
JDA TSG, Remote

Database Administrator, Senior
Cook Children's Health Care System, Fort Worth, TX

Software Engineer
Microsoft, Austin, TX

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here