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DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. Kingbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. Kingbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonKingbase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle and widely used in China.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score149.66
Rank#8  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score0.54
Rank#256  Overall
#118  Relational DBMS
Score924.68
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1236.37
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.kingbase.com.cnwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGbbs.kingbase.com.cn/­chess_wenku-index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperIBMBeiJing KINGBASE Information technologies inc.MicrosoftOracle
Initial release1983 infohost version199919891980
Current release12.1, October 2016V8.0, August 2021SQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availablecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C and JavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesStandard with numerous extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
ADO.NET
gokb
JDBC
kdbndp
ODBC
PDI
PDO
Pro*C
psycopg2
QT
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versionhorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2KingbaseMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle
Specific characteristicsAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle. It has the following...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete database management platform with Integrated Development Environment Tool,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional and mixed workloads that need to integrate with...
» more
Key customersThe main customers are: China National Petroleum Corporation China Petrochemical...
» more
Market metricsAt present, the main market is in China, but expansion to the international market...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsBusiness license. Various sales modes: for example, sales by set, sales by CPU quantity,...
» more

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More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2KingbaseMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle
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