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DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides DB2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score171.56
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score25.40
Rank#27  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score482.25
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­us/­en/­db2www.ibm.com/­analytics/­informixwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
www.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperIBMIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release1983 infohost version19841989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release12.1, October 201614.10, March 201911.5, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
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Implementation languageC and C++C, C++ and JavaC
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2InformixPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

IDUG Db2 Tech Conference Europe 2019
Rotterdam, Netherlands, 29-24 October 2019

IIUG Informix Conference 2019
Los Angeles, California, USA, 22-26 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

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