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DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides DB2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score171.56
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score25.40
Rank#27  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score30.87
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­us/­en/­db2www.ibm.com/­analytics/­informixazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperIBMIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.Microsoft
Initial release1983 infohost version19842014
Current release12.1, October 201614.10, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial infofree developer edition availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C, C++ and Java
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesyes infoJSON types
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesJavaScript
TriggersyesyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2InformixMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Conferences and events

IDUG Db2 Tech Conference Europe 2019
Rotterdam, Netherlands, 29-24 October 2019

IIUG Informix Conference 2019
Los Angeles, California, USA, 22-26 September 2019

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