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DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides DB2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score171.56
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score25.40
Rank#27  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score86.07
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­us/­en/­db2www.ibm.com/­analytics/­informixmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
mariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperIBMIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release1983 infohost version19842009
Current release12.1, October 201614.10, March 201910.4.8, September 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
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Implementation languageC and C++C, C++ and JavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, key
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2InformixMariaDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more
Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2InformixMariaDB
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Conferences and events

IDUG Db2 Tech Conference Europe 2019
Rotterdam, Netherlands, 29-24 October 2019

IIUG Informix Conference 2019
Los Angeles, California, USA, 22-26 September 2019

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

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