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DBMS > IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. Lovefield vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. Lovefield vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides DB2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score172.60
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score26.19
Rank#26  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score0.21
Rank#253  Overall
#117  Relational DBMS
Score121.03
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­us/­en/­db2www.ibm.com/­analytics/­informixgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
github.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperIBMIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.GoogleDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release1983 infohost version198420142000
Current release12.1, October 201614.10, March 20192.1.12, February 20173.30.1, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C, C++ and JavaJavaScriptC
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safariserver-less
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesnono
TriggersyesyesUsing read-only observersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infousing MemoryDByes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsnono

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More resources
IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2InformixLovefieldSQLite
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