DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > IBM Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. NuoDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison IBM Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. NuoDB vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.71
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score102.59
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score493.55
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.07
Rank#168  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#122  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mongodb.comnuodb.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationcloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.mongodb.com/­manualdoc.nuodb.comdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MongoDB, IncNuoDB, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release20102009200920132010
Current release10.6.4, August 20215.0, July 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial infolimited edition freecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++C++Java
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScriptJava, SQLuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.data is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtennone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes infoTemporary tableyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
IBM CloudantMariaDBMongoDBNuoDBStardog
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
IBM CloudantMariaDBMongoDBNuoDBStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

MongoDB & Google Cloud Developer Summit
Virtual Event, 28 October 2021

MongoDB.Local London
London, 9 November 2021

Finished events

Introduction to MongoDB
Webinar, on demand, 27 July 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Cloudant NoSQL DBaaS Adds On-Premises Version
30 October 2014, Database Trends and Applications

Cloudant Upgrades Cloud Database Service With Integrated Text Indexing and Search Based on Apache Lucene
9 October 2012, PR Newswire

IBM Expands Cloud Database Services with Kubernetes
26 September 2019, EnterpriseAI

IBM to Purchase Cloudant Database as a service (DBaaS) Provider
22 March 2014, App Developer Magazine

IBM extends Call for Code for Racial Justice program
24 February 2021, TechTarget

provided by Google News

MariaDB Wins Google Cloud Cross-Industry Customer Award
12 October 2021, Business Wire

TuxCare Services Launches Database Live Patching for MySQL, MariaDB and PostgreSQL - No Maintenance Window Required
6 October 2021, Business Wire

Datavail and MariaDB Announce New Partnership
28 September 2021, WebWire

SQL Market to Witness Huge Growth by 2028 | Oracle Database, MariaDB, PostgreSQL – Puck77
19 October 2021, Puck77

SQL Market Global Analysis 2021-2028: MongoDB, MariaDB, MySQL, Microsoft, MarkLogic Corporation, and Many More. – Puck77
18 October 2021, Puck77

provided by Google News

MongoDB Joins LOT Network To Protect Open Innovation For Developers
19 October 2021, PRNewswire

How MongoDB Beat Amazon
8 October 2021, The Motley Fool

How to Create Documents in MongoDB
13 October 2021, MakeUseOf

Why MongoDB Stock Is Falling Today
4 October 2021, Motley Fool

MongoDB (MDB) gains 0.98% for October 21
22 October 2021, Equities.com

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Viewpoints

SQL Server Transformation Market Analysis By Manufacturers, Regions, Type And Application, Forecast To 2026 – IMIESA
22 October 2021, IMIESA

Sports Management Software Market 2021 Growth, Size, Share, Trends Analysis And Forecast To 2026 – IMIESA
22 October 2021, IMIESA

New Analysis from Global Industry Analysts Reveals Steady Growth for Database Automation, with the Market to Reach $2.5 Billion Worldwide by 2026
7 October 2021, WFMZ Allentown

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Support Engineer - MySQL/PostgreSQL/MariaDB
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Full Stack Developer
TenSource, Remote

Full Stack Developer
K9 Sports Nation, Remote

Junior Data Scientist
Workforce Opportunity Services, Dallas, TX

MariaDB Server Database Engineer
MariaDB Corporation Ab, Remote

MongoDB Admin
OKAY INTERNATIONAL, St. Louis, MO

Backend Developer (Python/MongoDB)
Irisidea TechSolutions Pvt Ltd, Remote

MongoDB _ Remote (Till Covid)
Teksky, United States

MongoDB DBA
Tech Mahindra, Remote

MongoDB/SQL Developer
SageBeans, Remote

NuoDB Software Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Cambridge, MA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here