DBMS > Hyprcubd vs. Lovefield vs. Virtuoso
System Properties Comparison Hyprcubd vs. Lovefield vs. Virtuoso
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|Hyprcubd Xexclude from comparison
|Lovefield Xexclude from comparison
|Virtuoso Xexclude from comparison
|Hyprcubd seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
|Serverless Time Series DBMS
|Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
|Primary database model
|Time Series DBMS
Native XML DBMS
|Secondary database models
|2.1.12, February 2017
|7.2.11, September 2023
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source Apache 2.0
|Open Source GPLv2, extended commercial license available
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
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|Server operating systems
|yes SQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|yes time, int, uint, float, string
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|SQL Support of SQL
|SQL-like query language
|yes SQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
|APIs and other access methods
Jena RDF API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
|Supported programming languages
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|yes Virtuoso PL
|Using read-only observers
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Chain, star, and bi-directional replication
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|yes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Database
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|yes using MemoryDB
|User concepts Access control
|Fine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
|More information provided by the system vendor
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|Typical application scenarios
|Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
|Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
|Largest installed-base of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
|Licensing and pricing models
|Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
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