DBMS > Hypertable vs. Milvus vs. TiDB
System Properties Comparison Hypertable vs. Milvus vs. TiDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Hypertable Xexclude from comparison||Milvus Xexclude from comparison||TiDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.|
|Description||An open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as Hadoop||A DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches||TiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.|
|Primary database model||Wide column store||Vector DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Hypertable Inc.||PingCAP, Inc.|
|Current release||0.9.8.11, March 2016||2.2, November 2022||7.0.0, March 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GNU version 3. Commercial license available||Open Source Apache Version 2.0||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus||TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.|
|Implementation language||C++||C++, Go||Go, Rust|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
Windows an inofficial Windows port is available
macOS 10.14 or later
Windows with WSL 2 enabled
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||no||Vector, Numeric and String||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||no|
|Secondary indexes||restricted only exact value or prefix value scans||no||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||no||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||C++ API|
|RESTful HTTP API||GORM|
|Supported programming languages||C++|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||no||no||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||Sharding||horizontal partitioning (by key range)|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||selectable replication factor on file system level||Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes||no||yes with TiSpark Connector|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Bounded Staleness|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||no||yes full support since version 6.6|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||no||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||no||no||Fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Milvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...|
|TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...|
|Competitive advantages||Highly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...|
|In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...|
|Typical application scenarios||Video media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...|
|TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...|
|Key customers||Milvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...|
|Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...|
|Market metrics||As of February 2023, 14k+ GitHub stars 2M+ downloads and installations 1000+ enterprise...|
|25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Milvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...|
|Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...|
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