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DBMS > Hypertable vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Hypertable vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionAn open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelWide column storeKey-value storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.90
Rank#98  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.22
Rank#158  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperHypertable Inc.GoogleMicrosoftYugabyte Inc.
Initial release2009201120142017
Current release0.9.8.11, March 20161.23, February 20212.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageC++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freedepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query languageyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsC++ API
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJavaScriptyes infosql, plpgsql, C
TriggersnonoJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor on file system levelnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelyes
More information provided by the system vendor
HypertableLevelDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsYugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesPostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosSystems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Market metrics900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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HypertableLevelDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBYugabyteDB
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