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DBMS > Hypertable vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TinkerGraph vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Hypertable vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TinkerGraph vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionAn open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 APIHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelWide column storeKey-value storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.08
Rank#98  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score40.04
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.12
Rank#306  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Score1.95
Rank#121  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­google/­leveldbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlinwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperHypertable Inc.GoogleMicrosoftYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20092011201420092017
Current release0.9.8.11, March 20161.23, February 20212.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageC++C++JavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freedepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query languagenoyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsC++ API
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
TinkerPop 3JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Groovy
Java
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJavaScriptnoyes infosql, plpgsql, C
TriggersnonoJavaScriptnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor on file system levelnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
noneStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionnoDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesoptionalyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelnoyes
More information provided by the system vendor
HypertableLevelDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTinkerGraphYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsYugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesPostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosSystems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Market metrics900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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More resources
HypertableLevelDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTinkerGraphYugabyteDB
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