DBMS > HyperSQL vs. MySQL vs. SQLite
System Properties Comparison HyperSQL vs. MySQL vs. SQLite
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||HyperSQL also known as HSQLDB Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||SQLite Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java also known as HSQLDB||Widely used open source RDBMS||Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Dwayne Richard Hipp|
|Current release||2.6.1, October 2021||8.0.29, April 2022||3.38.5 (6 May 2022), May 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source based on BSD license||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source Public Domain|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
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|Implementation language||Java||C and C++||C|
|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM Embedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modes||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||yes||yes dynamic column types|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes not rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes with proprietary extensions||yes SQL-92 is not fully supported|
|APIs and other access methods||HTTP API JDBC via HTTP|
Proprietary native API
|ADO.NET inofficial driver|
JDBC inofficial driver
ODBC inofficial driver
|Supported programming languages||All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Java, SQL||yes proprietary syntax||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||none||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes via file-system locks|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||no|
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|HyperSQL also known as HSQLDB||MySQL||SQLite|
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