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DBMS > HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Access vs. Oracle Rdb

System Properties Comparison HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Access vs. Oracle Rdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.28
Rank#86  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score100.63
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1.04
Rank#182  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
Websitehsqldb.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­rdb.html
Technical documentationhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­rdb-doc.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Initial release200119921984
Current release2.7.2, June 20231902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20197.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infobased on BSD licensecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsHP Open VMS
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava, SQLyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosoft AccessOracle Rdb
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