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DBMS > HyperSQL vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TDengine

System Properties Comparison HyperSQL vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TDengine

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTDengine  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsTime Series DBMS and big data platform
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.04
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score0.60
Rank#224  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score954.02
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.53
Rank#70  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score0.65
Rank#213  Overall
#16  Time Series DBMS
Websitehsqldb.orggithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlgithub.com/­taosdata/­TDengine
www.taosdata.com
Technical documentationhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmltechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherewww.taosdata.com/­en/­documentation
DeveloperMicrosoftSAP infoformerly SybaseTaos Data
Initial release20012014198919922019
Current release2.6.1, October 2021SQL Server 2019, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL V3, also commercial editions available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
JavaScriptC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava, SQLView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlno
Triggersyesyesyesyesyes, via alarm monitoring
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLokiJSMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTDengine
Specific characteristicsOne of the modules of TDengine is the time-series database. However, in addition...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance improvement over 10 times: An innovative data storage structure is defined,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIT Infrastructure, Servers and Applications Monitoring Internet of Cars, Trucks,...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database With more than 15,500 stars on GitHub
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source (AGPL v3) Enterprise / Cloud (https://www.taosdata.com/en/support/)
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLokiJSMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTDengine
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