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DBMS > HyperSQL vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison HyperSQL vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.06
Rank#75  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score0.59
Rank#225  Overall
#35  Document stores
Score954.29
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#82  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score5.77
Rank#68  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Websitehsqldb.orggithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmltechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release20012014198920111992
Current release2.6.1, October 2021SQL Server 2019, November 201921.2, September 202117, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
JavaScriptC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava, SQLView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyesyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLokiJSMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle NoSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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