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DBMS > HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. Neo4j vs. Prometheus

System Properties Comparison HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. Neo4j vs. Prometheus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBAnalytic DBMS for HadoopScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring system
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.52
Rank#77  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score17.68
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score58.68
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score6.31
Rank#67  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Websitehsqldb.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlneo4j.comprometheus.io
Technical documentationhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlneo4j.com/­docsprometheus.io/­docs
DeveloperClouderaNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release2001201320072015
Current release2.7.0, July 20224.1.0, June 20224.4.11, September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java, ScalaGo
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnono
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava, SQLyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyesnoyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes infoby Federation
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBImpalaNeo4jPrometheus
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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A Machine Learning Innovation in Predictive Analytics
23 September 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBImpalaNeo4jPrometheus
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