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DBMS > HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBAnalytic DBMS for HadoopScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.36
Rank#77  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score17.82
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score57.34
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitehsqldb.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlneo4j.com
Technical documentationhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperClouderaNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release200120132007
Current release2.7.0, July 20224.1.0, June 20225.2, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava, SQLyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesnoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBImpalaNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: NODES Session Recordings, Connection in Large Data Sets, Graph ML Systems, Next.js, Graph Embeddings, Bitcoin, and More
3 December 2022

Telstra’s Neo4j Graphie Award for Excellence in Data Discovery: Why Neo4j?
2 December 2022

20 NODES 2022 Talks You Don’t Want to Miss
29 November 2022

Neo4j Workspace: Available on Aura Free and Professional
23 November 2022

Neo4j Announces a New Continuous Release & Support Model for Neo4j 5
23 November 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBImpalaNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Introduction to JDBC with HSQLDB tutorial
14 November 2022, TheServerSide.com

HyperSQL DataBase flaw leaves library vulnerable to RCE
24 October 2022, The Daily Swig

Upcoming 'critical' OpenSSL update prompts feverish speculation | The Daily Swig
31 October 2022, The Daily Swig

provided by Google News

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, WIRED

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

How to deploy the Redash data visualization dashboard with the help of Docker
23 March 2022, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Neo4j Releases the Next Generation of Its Graph Database
10 November 2022, Datanami

Neo4j 5 Graph Database Supports Automated Scaling and Deployment Interoperability
24 November 2022, InfoQ.com

Neo4j Live Demo: Knowledge Graphs for Skills Discovery
30 November 2022, KPBS

Full Stack GraphQL Book Club – Chapter 3: Graphs In The Database
1 December 2022, KPBS

Graph Databases Software Market Forecast, Trend Analysis To 2028 |, Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation, Cayley, DataStax, IBM, Microsoft, The Apache Software Foundation, HyperGraphDB, Oracle, Teradata – The C-Drone Re
14 November 2022, The C-Drone Review

provided by Google News

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