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DBMS > HugeGraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison HugeGraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHugeGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA fast-speed and highly-scalable Graph DBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.22
Rank#283  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1260.80
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.66
Rank#216  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Score3.62
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­hugegraphwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgres-xl.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationhugegraph.github.io/­hugegraph-docdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperBaiduMicrosoftOraclePingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2018198919802014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2016
Current release0.9SQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 201910 R1, October 20185.4.2, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++CGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Unix
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyes infoalso supports composite index and range indexyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop Gremlin
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesGroovy
Java
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresasynchronous Gremlin script jobsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functionsno
Triggersnoyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBasetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsvia hugegraph-sparknono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoedges in graphyesyesyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
HugeGraphMicrosoft SQL ServerOraclePostgres-XLTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
HugeGraphMicrosoft SQL ServerOraclePostgres-XLTiDB
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