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DBMS > HugeGraph vs. Immudb vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison HugeGraph vs. Immudb vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHugeGraph  Xexclude from comparisonImmudb  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA fast-speed and highly-scalable Graph DBMSAn open source immutable (append-only) database with cryptographic verification which makes it tamper-resistant and fully auditable.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelGraph DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.22
Rank#283  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#327  Overall
#49  Key-value stores
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1260.80
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.66
Rank#216  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­hugegraphgithub.com/­codenotary/­immudb
www.codenotary.com/­technologies/­immudb
www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationhugegraph.github.io/­hugegraph-docdocs.immudb.iodocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperBaiduCodenotaryMicrosoftOracle
Initial release20182020198919802014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release0.91.2.3, April 2022SQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 201910 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGoC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Unix
BSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyes infoalso supports composite index and range indexyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like syntaxyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop Gremlin
gRPC protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesGroovy
Java
Python
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresasynchronous Gremlin script jobsnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsvia hugegraph-sparknonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoedges in graphnoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
HugeGraphImmudbMicrosoft SQL ServerOraclePostgres-XL
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