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DBMS > Hive vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-orientedRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score61.17
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score2.75
Rank#104  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score121.33
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­technology-platform/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homehelp.sap.com/­docs/­SAP_IQdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookSAP, formerly SybaseSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201219942014
Current release3.1.3, April 202216.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexeryes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorSAP/Sybase Replication Serveryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceHadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
HiveSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSnowflake
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