DBMS > Hive vs. PostgreSQL vs. YugabyteDB
System Properties Comparison Hive vs. PostgreSQL vs. YugabyteDB
Please select another system to include it in the comparison.
|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Hive Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||YugabyteDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||High-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Wide column store
|Developer||Apache Software Foundation initially developed by Facebook||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Yugabyte Inc.|
|Initial release||2012||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2017|
|Current release||3.1.2, August 2019||13.2 , February 2021||2.4, January 2021|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache Version 2||Open Source BSD||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.|
|Implementation language||Java||C||C and C++|
|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||yes||depending on used data model|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||SQL-like DML and DDL statements||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes, PostgreSQL compatible|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language|
|Supported programming languages||C++|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes user defined functions and integration of map-reduce||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||yes sql, plpgsql, C|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||Hash and Range Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||selectable replication factor||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Based on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes query execution via MapReduce||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Eventual Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||ACID||Distributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes based on RocksDB|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users, groups and roles||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes|
More information provided by the system vendor
We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security|
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|DB-Engines blog posts|
Why is Hadoop not listed in the DB-Engines Ranking?
PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
|Recent citations in the news|
Experts Present a Primer on Apache Hudi at Data Summit Connect 2021
15 big data tools and technologies to know about in 2021
Open-Source Database Software Market size, Witness Highest Growth in near future by 2027 | MySQL, Redis, Couchbase, Apache Hive, MongoDB, SQLite – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
Hadoop’s Legacy: No more fear of data
provided by Google News
Five tips for a smooth migration to PostgreSQL
Rockset Enables Real-Time Analytics for MySQL and PostgreSQL
Rockset takes a deeper dive into enterprise data pool
Jan Wieck, Former Postgres Core Team Member, Joins Crunchy Data - PRNewswire
Percona Previews Open Source Database as a Service, Enables Choice to Run Anywhere
provided by Google News
Yugabyte Releases Database on Kubernetes Clusters
Yugabyte :DB 2.7 Now Generally Available, Extending Multi-Cloud and Kubernetes Support
YugabyteDB 2.7 available, extending multi-cloud and kubernetes support
Yugabyte announces $48M investment as cloud-native database makes enterprise push
Yugabyte Hardens Security in Latest Platform Release
provided by Google News
Current Opening : Details
PostgreSQL Database Administrator (Remote)
SQL Server DBA
PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Data Visualization Developer
Big Data Pipeline Engineer
Share this page