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DBMS > Hive vs. Oracle Rdb vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Oracle Rdb vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score72.12
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score1.53
Rank#171  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
Score132.67
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201219842000
Current release3.1.3, April 20227.4.1.1, 20213.40.1  (28 December 2022), December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMHP Open VMSserver-less
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyes, on a single nodeACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesno

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