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DBMS > Hive vs. Netezza vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Netezza vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBM  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopData warehouse and analytics appliance part of IBM PureSystemsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.24
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score19.61
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score507.19
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.79
Rank#56  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­netezzawww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookIBMPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release201220001989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current release3.1.2, August 201912.1, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux infoincluded in applianceFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C++
Fortran
Java
Lua
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
HiveNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBMPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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Conferences and events

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 26-29 May 2020

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