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DBMS > Hive vs. MySQL vs. Teradata

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. MySQL vs. Teradata

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSA hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score59.76
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score1061.34
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score44.87
Rank#22  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.mysql.comwww.teradata.com
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedev.mysql.com/­docdocs.teradata.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunTeradata
Initial release201219951984
Current release3.1.3, April 20228.4.0, April 2024Teradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash index
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL 2016 + extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxyes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallel
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infoHashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
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More resources
HiveMySQLTeradata
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