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DBMS > Hive vs. MySQL vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. MySQL vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score79.69
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1227.86
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score34.75
Rank#26  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.mysql.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedev.mysql.com/­docdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201219952014
Current release3.1.2, August 20198.0.25, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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