DBMS > Hive vs. MySQL vs. RDFox
System Properties Comparison Hive vs. MySQL vs. RDFox
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Hive Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||RDFox Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop||Widely used open source RDBMS||High performance knowledge graph and semantic reasoning engine|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Graph DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Apache Software Foundation initially developed by Facebook||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Oxford Semantic Technologies|
|Current release||3.1.3, April 2022||8.0.33, April 2023||6.0, Septermber 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache Version 2||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
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|Implementation language||Java||C and C++||C++|
|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||yes||yes RDF schemas|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||SQL-like DML and DDL statements||yes with proprietary extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
Proprietary native API
|RESTful HTTP API|
|Supported programming languages||C++|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes user defined functions and integration of map-reduce||yes proprietary syntax|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||selectable replication factor||Multi-source replication|
|replication via a shared file system|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes query execution via MapReduce||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Eventual Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode, Eventual Consistency in replicated setups|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes not for MyISAM storage engine|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users, groups and roles||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||Roles, resources, and access types|
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