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DBMS > Hive vs. MySQL vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. MySQL vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score61.17
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score1083.74
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#230  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.mysql.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedev.mysql.com/­docrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release201219952004
Current release3.1.3, April 20228.4.0, April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

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More resources
HiveMySQLRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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