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DBMS > Hive vs. MySQL vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. MySQL vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score81.89
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score1205.54
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1241.69
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracle
Initial release201219951980
Current release3.1.3, April 20228.0.31, October 202221c, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageJavaC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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