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DBMS > Hive vs. MonetDB vs. Stardog vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. MonetDB vs. Stardog vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA relational database management system that stores data in columnsEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score78.66
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score1.79
Rank#129  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score1.66
Rank#138  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.46
Rank#246  Overall
#118  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.monetdb.orgwww.stardog.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdocs.stardog.comtrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMonetDB BVStardog-UnionApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release2012200420102014
Current release3.1.2, August 2019Jul2021-SP2, July 20217.3.0, May 20202.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaCJavaC++, Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in JavaJava Stored Procedures
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding via remote tablesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replication in HA-Clusteryes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
HiveMonetDBStardogTrafodion
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
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Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
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Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Bosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
You can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more

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3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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More resources
HiveMonetDBStardogTrafodion
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