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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RRDtool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score77.89
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score924.35
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Time Series DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serveross.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serveross.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftTobias Oetiker
Initial release201219891999
Current release3.1.3, April 2022SQL Server 2019, November 20191.8.0, 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
HiveMicrosoft SQL ServerRRDtool
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