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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL vs. RRDtool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APITime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score80.60
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score924.68
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1205.38
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score2.52
Rank#117  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdev.mysql.com/­docoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunTobias Oetiker
Initial release2012198919951999
Current release3.1.3, April 2022SQL Server 2019, November 20198.0.30, July 20221.8.0, 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++C infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

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