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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score77.89
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score5.62
Rank#74  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score924.35
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201220121989
Current release3.1.3, April 2022SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanooptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
HiveMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL Server
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