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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Prometheus

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Prometheus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring system
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score79.48
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score21.62
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score6.69
Rank#63  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsprometheus.io
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsprometheus.io/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoft
Initial release201220162015
Current release3.1.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++Go
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
C#
Java
PHP
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQLno
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesyes infoby Federation
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesyesno

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More resources
HiveMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePrometheus
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