DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score85.58
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score78.26
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201220101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.1.2, August 2019V1213.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
HiveMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzurePostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Why is Hadoop not listed in the DB-Engines Ranking?
13 May 2013, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Best Data Warehouse Tools for Managing Your Data | ESF
24 September 2021, Enterprise Storage Forum

Open-Source Database Software Market Size, Analysis, and Key Manufacturers – Titan, Neo4j, SQLite, MariaDB, Apache Hive, Couchbase, MongoDB – Stillwater Current
21 September 2021, Stillwater Current

What is Apache Hadoop? Understanding Hadoop Ecosystem & Architecture | ITBE
9 September 2021, IT Business Edge

Tabular Seeks to Remake Cloud Data Lakes in Iceberg's Image
7 September 2021, Datanami

The Apache Drill Project Announces Apache® Drill(TM) v1.19
30 August 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

New Microsoft Learn Modules: Azure SQL IoT and Azure Arc-enabled data services - Microsoft
23 September 2021, Channel 9

Q&A with Karen Lopez: A Database Designer's Favorite New SQL Server Features
22 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

Best cloud databases of 2021
14 September 2021, ITProPortal

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

provided by Google News

Crunchy Data Delivers Trusted PostgreSQL Containers In Collaboration With The U.S. Department Of Defense
20 September 2021, Index-Journal

Get PostgreSQL PGCES-02 Certification with PGCES-02 Practice Dumps Questions
25 September 2021, The African Exponent

Amazon Aurora Supports PostgreSQL 13
5 September 2021, InfoQ.com

Instaclustr Adds PostgreSQL to Managed Platform in Public Preview
14 September 2021, Yahoo Finance

Crunchy Data provides trusted PostgreSQL containers in partnership with DoD
21 September 2021, Geospatial World

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Associate Data Lake Consultant
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Remote

Hortonworks Administrator
nFolks Data Solutions, Austin, TX

Data Engineer
Skechers, Manhattan Beach, CA

Sr. Data Engineer
Kinect, Glendale, CA

Hadoop Administrator
Logic Loops, Atlanta, GA

SQL Database Developer
ShipBob Inc, Remote

SQL DBA Administrator, Remote North America
Ciena, Baltimore, MD

Software Engineer II, SQL Database team
Microsoft, Atlanta, GA

Azure Support Engineer
DHL eCommerce, Remote

Advisor Azure SQL Database Administrator (DBA)
Gainwell Technologies, Texas

PostgreSQL Senior DBA
M&T Bank, Buffalo, NY

PostgreSQL DBA
Luxoft, Remote

Software Tester
Miva, Remote

Support Engineer - MySQL/PostgreSQL/MariaDB
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

PostgreSQL Database Developer
Stream Companies, Malvern, PA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here