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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.24
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score28.20
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score0.94
Rank#158  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.nuodb.comsqrrl.com
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasedoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftNuoDB, Inc.Amazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release2012201020132012
Current release3.1.2, August 2019V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQLJava, SQLno
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, with always 3 replicas availableyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infotunable commit protocolAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)
More information provided by the system vendor
HiveMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDBSqrrl
Specific characteristicsHorizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosOperational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersDassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsFast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSubscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
News

Deploy the NuoDB Database in Docker Containers - Part I (Tech Blog)
23 January 2020

Running NuoDB in Docker - Part III: How to use common SQL execution GUI tools with NuoDB (Tech Blog)
16 January 2020

Why and When You Need Transactional DDL in Your Database (Tech Blog)
2 January 2020

Answers to Your 5 Questions about Database Scalability (Tech Blog)
6 December 2019

Top 10 FAQs from KubeCon 2019 in San Diego (Tech Blog)
26 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio is like magic for Hive accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
HiveMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDBSqrrl
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