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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Netezza

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Netezza

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBM  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerData warehouse and analytics appliance part of IBM PureSystems
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.74
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score79.72
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score19.62
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.ibm.com/­products/­netezza
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftIBM
Initial release201220102000
Current release3.1.2, August 2019V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux infoincluded in appliance
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Fortran
Java
Lua
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQLyes
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept

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3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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More resources
HiveMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBM
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