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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Prometheus vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Prometheus vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopFully managed big data interactive analytics platformOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score79.48
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score7.08
Rank#61  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score6.69
Rank#63  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score3.59
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerprometheus.iowww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerprometheus.io/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftSybase, SAP
Initial release2012201920151993
Current release3.1.2, August 2019cloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaGo
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesall fields are automatically indexednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnoyes
Triggersnoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes infoby FederationMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAzure Active Directory Authenticationnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
HiveMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPrometheusSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
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Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
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Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
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Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, B├╝hler, Ecolab, Zoomd
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Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
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Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
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HiveMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPrometheusSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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