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DBMS > Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RavenDB vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RavenDB vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
Descriptiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSGraph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.74
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score3.21
Rank#94  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#132  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbravendb.netwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbravendb.net/­docswww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftHibernating RhinosTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release2012201420101987
Current release3.1.2, August 20195.2, June 2021Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC#C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (RQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScriptyesyes
TriggersnoJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundlefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
HiveMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRavenDBTransbase
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

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More resources
HiveMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRavenDBTransbase
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